iOS

UICollectionViewFlowLayout计算item宽度时, 莫名导致item间距不对或者每行展示的数据不符合预期

简介:UICollectionViewFlowLayout计算item宽度时, 莫名导致item间距不对或者每行展示的数据不符合预期

使用UICollectionViewFlowLayout时, cell的宽度计算误差导致collectionView cell的间距不对, 或者明明想一行展示3个, 实际效果却一张展示了2个,
UICollectionViewFlowLayout提供了minimumInteritemSpacing和minimumLineSpacing, 用于设置item之间的间距和行之间的间距.
在计算item的宽高时, 明确了一行展示item的个数, 所以经常使用这两个属性计算宽高,
而有时比较奇怪的是, 计算好的宽度, 最终一行少显示了一个, 或者item之间的间距莫名的变大.

错误计算item宽度的代码:

        let filterSection = self.viewModel!.templates[indexPath.section]
        let item = filterSection.displayItems[indexPath.row]
        let contentWidth = collectionView.frame.size.width - CGFloat(filterSection.numberOfOneLine + 1) * GoodsFilterViewModel.kItemSpacing
        let width = contentWidth / CGFloat(filterSection.numberOfOneLine)
        return CGSize(width: width, height: item.rowHeight)

问题图片:
0EB6C2DF6CED946316EC7BC1DB0AA61F.png

解决后的截图:
482131BE0B639874234620B4F9065968.png

正确计算item宽度的代码(使用floor向下取整):

let filterSection = self.viewModel!.templates[indexPath.section]
        let item = filterSection.displayItems[indexPath.row]
        let contentWidth = collectionView.frame.size.width - CGFloat(filterSection.numberOfOneLine + 1) * GoodsFilterViewModel.kItemSpacing
        let width = CGFloat(floor(contentWidth / CGFloat(filterSection.numberOfOneLine)))
        return CGSize(width: width, height: item.rowHeight)

原因: 这是由于, 计算宽度时, 得到的是精确的float类型的宽宽, 而item的宽度必须是一个向下取整的整数, 否则item的宽度大了, 自然会导致一行展示不下的情况.
在计算item宽度时, 使用floor函数向下取整, 解决问题

demo部分代码:

class GoodsFilterViewModel: NSObject {

    lazy var templates = [GoodsFilterViewSection]()
    static let kItemSpacing: CGFloat = 8.0
    static let kItemHeight: CGFloat = 45.0
}

class GoodsFilterViewController: UIViewController {

    private lazy var collectionView: UICollectionView = {
        let flowLayout = UICollectionViewFlowLayout()
        flowLayout.scrollDirection = .vertical
        flowLayout.minimumInteritemSpacing = GoodsFilterViewModel.kItemSpacing
        flowLayout.minimumLineSpacing = GoodsFilterViewModel.kItemSpacing
        flowLayout.sectionHeadersPinToVisibleBounds = true
        let collectionView = UICollectionView(frame: .zero, collectionViewLayout: flowLayout)
        collectionView.delegate = self
        collectionView.dataSource = self
        collectionView.isScrollEnabled = true
        collectionView.backgroundColor = UIColor.white
        collectionView.keyboardDismissMode = .onDrag
        collectionView.alwaysBounceVertical = true
        collectionView.showsVerticalScrollIndicator = false
        return collectionView
    }()

}
extension GoodsFilterViewController: UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDelegate, UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout {

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {
        let filterSection = self.viewModel!.templates[indexPath.section]
        let item = filterSection.displayItems[indexPath.row]
        let contentWidth = collectionView.frame.size.width - CGFloat(filterSection.numberOfOneLine + 1) * GoodsFilterViewModel.kItemSpacing
        let width = CGFloat(floor(contentWidth / CGFloat(filterSection.numberOfOneLine)))
        return CGSize(width: width, height: item.rowHeight)
    }

    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAt section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets {
        let padding = GoodsFilterViewModel.kItemSpacing
        return UIEdgeInsets(top: padding, left: padding, bottom: padding, right: padding)
    }
}

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